The systematic school of Candolle

The systematic school of Candolle

The systematics school is a school site where plants are grouped by botanical families. 250 species are located in a protected area because of their fragility. Unable to cope with excessive numbers of visitors, the School of Systematics at Candolle is only open for scheduled group visits.

The cistus collection

Cistus ladanifera hybrid

Cistus ladanifera hybrid

Cistus are Mediterranean scrubland plants that are known for their resistance to arid situations. At the Jardin des Plantes in Montpellier, a dozen species and their hybrids, born of crosses between related species, are installed on the southern slope of the Montagne de Richer. Remarkable for their flowering, the cistus decorates the Jardin des Plantes with large white or yellow flowers from April.

Medicinal plants

California poppy

California poppy, used for minor sleep disorders

The collection of medicinal plants is currently under construction. This project consists of bringing together the main French medicinal plants, in support of the teaching provided in the Faculty of Pharmacy. The 164 species planned will occupy the "medicinal plants square" of the school of systematics. They will only be accessible to the public during guided tours.

The trees

Ginkgo biloba

Ginkgo biloba visible from the South noria

The Jardin des Plantes in Montpellier is home to more than 170 trees, mainly grouped in the 19th centuryarboretum. The trees constitute a remarkable collection because of the age and size of certain subjects, such as the pecan tree, the Ginkgo, the Osage orange tree or the Phyllaria de la Montagne. The interest of certain trees, such as the Atlas cypress, the false kermes oak or the alligator juniper lies less in their size than in their great rarity in the collection and their botanical interest.

Succulents

Cactus Mammillaria mazatlanensis, Mexico

Cactus Mammillaria mazatlanensis, Mexico

Succulents are succulent plants, the most popular of which are cacti. The collection of the Jardin des Plantes de Montpellier counts 400 species and has been built up since 2011, with donations from collectors and botanical gardens. Succulents are known not only for their resistance to arid climates but also for their dazzling blooms. In some cactus species, the flowers are much larger than the plant that bears them.

Palm trees

Butia yatay, Argentina

Butia yatay, Argentina

Until the early 2000s, palms had a visible place in the Jardin des Plantes. In particular, two beautiful rows of Chinese hemp palms bordered the English garden and the École de Systématique. In 2006, they fell victim to the Argentinean butterfly whose caterpillar feeds exclusively on the heart of the palm trees, leading to the death of the trees. Since this episode, the number of palms has decreased and now only 36 species can be seen in all sectors of the Jardin des Plantes.

Naturalized plants

Heliotrope amplexicaule, South America

Heliotrope amplexicaule, Argentina

The 9 species of so-called naturalized plants, which are housed in different parts of the Jardin des Plantes, come from all over the world (Carolina modiole, Greek micromeria, Sicilian snapdragon, etc.). The most remarkable of the naturalized plants is the oriental comfrey, which originates from Turkey. Naturalized since 1930, it is the dominant plant in the undergrowth in spring, with its abundant white flowers. Since then, it has spread to other green spaces in Montpellier.

Entomological fauna

Pollination of Phlomis by Xylocope

Pollination of a Phlomis flower by the carpenter bee Xylocopa.

The Jardin des Plantes is home to a wide variety of insects that are of primary importance for the transport of pollen from flower to flower. In addition to these pollinating insects, there are many enemies of cultivated plants, the insect pests. One of the most impressive insects is the carpenter bee, with its massive purple body. It does not hesitate to pierce the base of flowers from which it covets nectar. In the Pacific, it likes to "get to know" the observer by flying over his or her face. In August, the carpenter bee turns from purple to yellow as it is sprinkled with pollen from the flowers it visits.

TheIndex Seminum

The Jardin des Plantes de Montpellier is part of a network of seed exchanges with 500 other botanical institutions in France and in 80 foreign countries.
Seeds are regularly collected in the garden, as well as in the wild, around Montpellier.
TheIndex Seminum is a catalogue of these seeds, published every 2 years, and exclusively reserved for other botanical gardens.