Access for all, universal access to information
Providing access to information and services for all through the University of Montpellier website is a normal act of digital communication.
This universal access, also known as "digital accessibility", allows access to information regardless of how you access the Web. This allows people with disabilities to consult all the information but also to simply use online services.
This will allow blind people to read the information, tetraplegics to use their specific equipment (voice commands, pipettes, etc.) to navigate normally in the site, but also visually impaired users to be able to enlarge the characters from their keyboards, color blind people not to be disturbed by the colors used, etc.
Thus, the universality of the Web allows everyone to personalize their access to information, the elderly to keep their autonomy of access to information or the most nomadic to get information at any time wherever they are.
How does accessibility work?
Putting an accessible Web site online means, first and foremost, paying special attention to the design of the site and motivating the teams who update the content on a daily basis. But it also means respecting the norms and standards that define digital accessibility and the quality of Web interfaces at the national and international levels.
Digital accessibility standards include the following requirements:
- the font sizes can be enlarged and reduced,
- the images have alternative texts when they need it,
- Changing the contrast of the site with a browser cookie to leave it active upon activation
- language changes are reported
- It is possible to navigate on this site without using the mouse, using the tab navigation,
- the color contrasts are sufficiently nuanced
- the pages are correctly structured and uniform, both from a graphic and editorial point of view,
- external links - opening a new window - are indicated to the users of the site
- the layout of the site is separated from its content through the use of style sheets (CSS). The use of CSS positioning properties, by totally separating presentation and content, allows the documents to keep a coherent reading order outside CSS: title, menus, content, etc...
- Respecting these standards means complying with the Référentiel Général d'Accessibilité pour les Administrations (RGAA) version 3 2017. This standard is made up of 92 criteria divided into 3 levels. The first level, which corresponds to guaranteed accessibility, includes 55 criteria divided into 13 chapters. Respecting accessibility means ensuring that each page put online, each published content scrupulously respects all these criteria.
It is from the respect of the standards that we allow each one to consult the site with its own material, its particularities or even its habits. So whatever your browser, the information remains available. Blind people can also use technical aids, software that reads the content and information presented on the screen and thus listen through a voice synthesis or read through a Braille area the proposed texts. An effort has also been made to improve the accessibility and readability of the texts.
A citizen's approach
But beyond a human approach and a quality approach, opening an accessible website is also the answer to a legal obligation. Article 47 of the law of February 11, 2005 for equal rights and opportunities, participation and citizenship of disabled people stipulates :
"The online public communication services of the State, local authorities and public establishments that depend on them must be accessible to people with disabilities.
In the same way, many European directives ask to respect a free access to information for all without any discrimination: this is also digital accessibility.
But beyond the necessary respect of the law, the respect of all and the guaranteed accessibility to information is part of a logic of environmental quality and sustainable development. This axis allows us to consider information and access to services as an asset belonging to all and therefore available to all.
Defender of rights
If you notice a lack of accessibility that prevents you from accessing a content or functionality of the site, and you report it to us and you do not manage to obtain a quick response from us, you are entitled to send your complaints or a request for referral to the Rights Defender. Several means are available to you:
- a contact form: https://www.defenseurdesdroits.fr/contact
- the list of the delegate(s) in your region with their direct contact information: https://www.defenseurdesdroits.fr/fr/saisir/delegues
- a mailing address
The Defender of Rights
7 rue Saint-Florentin
75409 Paris Cedex 08